The Present Continuous

The present continuous is used to:

  • Describe what we are doing at the present  moment:

At this moment you are reading this text.

  • Refer to an event we have planned for a future moment:

I am going to Barcelona tomorrow
We are planning to go to Spain for our holidays

The Present continous is very easy to build. We make it using the present simple of ‘be’ + gerund (verb+ing):

Here is how we make the affirmative:

Positive Positive Short Form
am reading I‘m reading
you are reading you‘re reading
he is reading he‘s reading
she is reading she‘s reading
it is  reading it‘s reading
we are  reading we‘re reading
they are reading they‘re reading

We can make the negative by adding ‘not’:

Negative Negative Short Form
am not sleeping I‘m not sleeping
you are not running you aren’t running
he is not reading he isn’t reading
she is not singing she isn’t singing
it is not raining it isn’t raining
we are not eating we aren’t eating
they are not listening they aren’t listening

Questions are also very easy. All we do is to invert the position of the verb “be“, like in present simple, We place ‘am‘, ‘is‘, or ‘are‘ before the subject to make the question:

Yes / No Questions
am I drinking milk ?
are you studying?
is he sleeping ?
is she doing her homework ?
is it raining ?
are we meeting at six ?
are they coming ?

To make a question with “who, when, why, what or how, just put the question word at the front:

Questions
Why am I drinking milk ?
What are you studying ?
When is he working ?
What is she doing ?
Why is it raining ?
Who are we meeting ?
How are they travelling ?

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